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When you are writing in English, there are two main components that you must achieve in order to express yourself well:
- First, you must have strong, clear ideas.
- And second, you must present these ideas in a well-organized fashion.
However, finding the right words and phrases to connect your ideas can be challenging. If you struggle to come up with the right transitions in your writing, don’t worry: we’ve provided you with a cheat sheet for various popular transitional words and phrases in English!
These phrases are useful connectors that will make your writing flow in a natural and organized way. They’re also key phrases to use in the writing sections of English exams like the IELTS or TOEFL.
Words and phrases to show cause & effect
Often times in your writing, you will want to describe effect that resulted from a particular cause. There are several words you can use to talk about this kind of effect.
The connectors: Consequently, As a result, Therefore, Thus
John studied all of the transitional phrases in this article. As a result, his written English improved drastically.
Mary was a hard worker; thus, all of her teachers loved her.
Words and phrases to add information
Sometimes, you can’t fit all of your thoughts on a given topic into one single sentence. In these cases, check out these useful phrases for adding information to a topic:
The connectors: Additionally, In addition, Moreover, Further
Another great way to strengthen an argument is to add an example. The phrases for example and for instance are popular ways to introduce an example.
Learning English is a great way to connect with a large population. Moreover, it will improve your job prospects.
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Words and phrases to show similarity
You may present two ideas that are similar or compatible with each other. In this case, there are a few ways you can show this similarity.
The connectors: Similarly, Likewise, In the same vein
Exercising every day will keep your body healthy. Similarly, reading and completing puzzles will keep your mind sharp.
Words and phrases to show contrast
Another common situation in writing is having two ideas that differ or contrast with each other. In this case, there are several options you can use to express this contrast:
The connectors: In contrast, However, Nonetheless, Conversely, On one hand… On the other hand
In addition to the phrases listed above, the words rather and instead are used specifically to explain why you disagree with something.
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On one hand, studying grammar is important. On the other hand, memorizing rules can be very boring.
Some say that learning English is boring, but I disagree. Rather, I think that it can be fun, as long as you do it the right way.
Words and phrases to summarize your thoughts
Finally, all good essays and arguments must come to an end. Writing conclusions is tough, but it’s much easier when you use one of the words on this list.
The connectors: Ultimately, In sum, In conclusion, To summarize, To conclude, On the whole
The following sentences would be a good way to conclude this article.
Ultimately, writing in English can be hard, but knowing these transitional words and phrases will make it easier.
To summarize, connectors are an important part of written English that will make your writing flow better.
As you can see, there are plenty of ways to make smooth transitions in your written English. This will be of particular use for those who are writing academic English, or those who are studying for English exams like the IELTS or TOEFL.
Of course, there are many more connectors that serve a variety of purposes, but this collection is a good start. Do you have any connectors that you like to use? Or are there any that have proven especially confusing to you? Leave a comment! 😉
Paul is an English teacher in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He writes on behalf of Language Trainers, a language tutoring service offering personalized course packages to individuals and groups. You can check out their free English level tests and other language-learning resources on their website. Feel free to visit their Facebook page or contact [email protected] with any questions.
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